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Parallel License in the Indian Power Sector

Introduction Power utilities have historically been government-owned monopolies because of the essential nature of services they provide and the massive capital investment they require. With the evolution of markets, nations around the world are recognizing the role played by regulated,…

Further Issue of Share Capital

Introduction A company may decide that increasing its subscribed capital after incorporation is economically viable. This is because a new issue would significantly boost the company’s financial resources and incentivize the company’s shareholders, ensuring the company’s smooth operation. Section 62…

Fair Use doctrines under Trademark Law

Introduction The Trademark Act of 1999 was enacted with the goal of updating the legislation to reflect recent changes in trading and commercial activities, fast globalisation, and harmonisation with international trade rules. The Trademark Act of 1999, Section 2 (zb),…

Doctrine of Fair Use under Indian Copyright Law

Introduction Copyright protects and rewards creativity by allowing the creator of an original literary or artistic work to do, authorise, or prohibit specific acts in respect to that work. Copyright is one of the branches or aspects of Intellectual Property…

Doctrine of Equivalents under Patent Law

Introduction A patent is a type of intellectual property that grants an inventor the right to develop something new, useful, and novel. Patent rights allow owners to prohibit others from profiting from their creation while also allowing them to receive…

Doctrine of Dilution under Trademark Law

Introduction Trademark protection is one of the areas of intellectual property that drew a lot of judicial and legislative attention in the second half of the twentieth century. The impact of globalisation and changing business patterns had a significant impact…

Significance of Share Certificate

Introduction The act of the company’s Board of Directors appropriating a specified number of shares from the company’s previously un-appropriated capital to persons who have submitted applications for shares is referred to as “allotment.” Allotment must be made by proper…

Forged Transfer 

Shares, like every other movable property can also be transferred from one person to another. Section 56 of the Companies Act, 2013 (the ‘Act’) provides for a proper procedure which needs to be followed for the transfer of shares.