Procedure of Issue of Share Certificate & Duplicate Share Certificate

Introduction This article disccuses share certifcate. A company’s capital usually starts with investment by the partners or founders themselves. As the company grows, investment is sought from different sources. A company may invite investments from the general public in exchange

Biopiracy & Patents of Traditional Knowledge in India

This article presents the concept of biopiracy as a threat to traditional knowledge in India. The article also elucidates the protection of traditional knowledge offered by the Patents Act, 1970 and steps undertaken to develop a digital library of traditional

Intellectual Property Rights: Trade Secrets

The article presents the concept of “trade secrets” as intellectual property rights and their protection in India through common law principles and various statutory provisions. Introduction Chris Hardwick, an American comedian, has stated that; “We’re not in an information age

Transfer of Shares without the Authority of the Owner

Introduction “Share” means a share in the share capital of a company and includes stock [Section 2(84) of the Companies Act, 2013 (“the Act”)]. As per Section 44 of the Act, the shares or debentures or other interest of any

Doctrine of Alter Ego

This article examines the doctrine of Alter Ego and its relationship with the doctrine of lifting or piercing of corporate veil. The article also differentiates the doctrine from vicarious liability. Introduction In the world of superheroes, the common people of

Digital Intellectual Property Rights: Domain Names

The article examines “domain names” as intellectual property and their protection in India through judicial pronouncements and under the trademark law as well as internationally through a dispute resolution system. Introduction Technological advancement has created a parallel cyber world to

Doctrine of Ultra Vires

This article explains the evolution of the doctrine of Ultra Vires, originating in the UK, through statutory provisions and judicial pronouncements in India. Introduction Ultra Vires is a Latin term and translates to ‘beyond the powers’. The term is used

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