Trade Secrets and its Protection

Introduction Trade secrets are the data or information about a company that is not widely known to the public and that the owner makes a reasonable effort to keep hidden and confidential. The data must have a separate economic value,…

Re Madras Native Permanent vs Unknown

Introduction This case helps us in understanding that the objectives of a company must be described in the company’s memorandum because a company may only perform acts and execute transactions that are well within the company’s objects, and it is…

Doctrine of Ultra Vires

Introduction The Memorandum of Association of a company is regarded as its constitution. It defines the company’s internal and external scope and areas of activity. This Memorandum of Association also includes an object clause and the company is authorized to…

Distinctive Character of Trademarks

Introduction A mark cannot be called as valid trademark if it lacks distinctiveness which is a core feature of Trademark Law. There are several theories on the assessment of distinctive character of trademarks. All these theories state that distinctive character…

Doctrine of Equivalence

Introduction While adjudicating the infringement suits, courts do follow certain practices and doctrines. These doctrines are regularly used by the law courts, in deciding the infringement suits. In particular, the “doctrine of equivalence” plays an important role in deciding infringement…

Allahabad Bank vs Canara Bank & Another

Introduction  The pursuant case primarily discusses the issue between two nationalised banks which are Allahabad Bank and Canara Bank, respectively. The issue that was brought before the court consisted of the contention of the latter bank whose claim as a…